Everything You Should Know About Texas E-Bike Laws (2024)

Texas is the second largest state in the United States — meaning there’s a lot to explore. As they say, “Everything is bigger in Texas!” From natural wonders like the Big Bend National Park to buzzy metropolises like Houston, San Antonio, and Austin, the Lone Star State has something for everyone.

Whether you want to explore the great outdoors or check out a bustling city, an electric bicycle is a great way to get around. But before you start cycling through Texas, it’s a good idea to learn about the state’s e-bike laws.

Every state has its own laws regarding e-bike use, regulating everything from how old you have to be to ride an electric bike to where you can cycle and if you need a helmet. Below, we talk about the most important Texas electric bicycle laws.

What’s legally considered an e-bike in Texas?

According to Texas Transportation Code, a vehicle must meet three criteria to be considered an electric bike:

  • The bicycle must have fully operable pedals. This sets it apart from other motorized vehicles like scooters, mopeds, or motorcycles.
  • The bicycle must have an electric motor with a maximum power of 750 watts.
  • The bicycle’s maximum assisted speed can’t exceed 28 miles per hour (mph). (This doesn’t mean that you can’t pedal the bike faster than 28 mph — just that you can’t go faster than a top speed of 28 mph with the motor engaged. You can only use human power to go that fast.)

Key Texas e-bike laws explained

Now that you know what qualifies as an e-bike in the state of Texas, you’re probably wondering what the rules are for using one. Read on for a quick overview of the most important state laws.

Note this information is relevant as of February 2023 but can change.

Where are you allowed to ride e-bikes in Texas?

Texas traffic law treats electric bicycles like normal bicycles.

You can ride an e-bike on roadways (on the right shoulder). This applies as long as you don’t make a left turn. You also have to follow the rules of the roads that apply to motorists, like obeying traffic signals and lights.

E-bikes are allowed on traditional bike paths, bike lanes, and bike trails unless noted otherwise. However, local authorities may have rules limiting using e-bikes in these areas.

Protected areas like state and national parks may also have their own regulations. For example, the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) doesn’t allow e-bikes on nonmotorized trails. However, this may change. Check the TPWD website for the latest news.

How old do you have to be to ride an e-bike in Texas?

There are no age limits for riding a Class 1 or Class 2 e-bike in Texas.

However, Texas electric bike laws require e-bike riders to be at least 15 years of age to ride a Class 3 e-bike. People under 15 can still ride as a passenger on a Class 3 e-bike if it’s designed to accommodate more than one person.

What class of e-bikes are legal in Texas?

Electric bicycles come in different classes. Understanding e-bike classes is important because the laws governing e-bike use depend on the class. For example, you might be able to ride a Class 1 e-bike on a bike path but not a Class 3 e-bike.

The class also tells you how powerful the e-bike motor is and whether the e-bike offers pedal and throttle assist. Pedal assist engages the motor while pedaling, helping propel you ahead. Throttle assist engages the motor even when you aren’t pedaling.

Some states, like Pennsylvania, don’t differentiate between e-bike classes. However, Texas has three categories of e-bikes:

  • Class 1 e-bikes. Class 1 e-bikes have a motor that engages only when you’re pedaling the bike. For this reason, they’re sometimes referred to as pedelecs. A Class 1 e-bike can’t go faster than 20 mph.
  • Class 2 e-bikes. Class 2 e-bikes have a pedal assist and throttle assist system (so they can propel you forward even when you aren’t pedaling). Like Class 1 e-bikes, Class 2 e-bikes can’t go faster than a maximum speed of 20 mph.
  • Class 3 e-bikes. Class 3 e-bikes are a bit speedier than the low-speed Class 1 and Class 2 bikes. They can go up to 28 mph. However, Class 3 e-bikes only have pedal assist, no throttle assist.

Do you need a helmet when riding an e-bike in Texas?

Texas doesn’t have any statewide helmet laws. However, some municipalities may have helmet laws. For example, the Dallas City Code requires anyone under 18 to wear a helmet.

Even if you aren’t obligated to wear a helmet, it’s smart to do so. Helmets save lives, protecting against serious, potentially life-threatening brain injuries and head trauma.

Learn more about state helmet laws and find out how to get a helmet that fits you.

Is there a speed limit or restriction on motor power for e-bikes in Texas?

According to Texas law, an e-bike motor can’t be more powerful than 750 watts. Additionally, the e-bike can’t go faster than 28 mph when the motor is engaged. So, you can technically pedal the bike at speeds of more than 28 mph, but the motor can’t help you.

Do you need a license to ride an e-bike in Texas?

Are you worried you’ll have to wait at the DMV to get an e-bike driver’s license? Don’t worry about it. Texas doesn’t require a license to ride an e-bike. The state also doesn’t require you to register your e-bike.

Do you need insurance to ride an e-bike in Texas?

There’s no need to invest in insurance for your e-bike (unlike car or motorcycle insurance, which many states — including Texas — require). That said, e-bike insurance can be a smart investment, as it can help cover costs if your bike is damaged or stolen.

Local ordinances for e-bikes in Texas

While Texas has statewide regulations governing e-bike use, many local authorities have their own laws.

For example, in Austin, motor-driven devices (including e-bikes) aren’t allowed on public city trails or across public recreation areas. Discussion of a pilot program could change this, however.

What you should know before riding your e-bike in Texas

Before you ride an e-bike in Texas, it’s worth checking out the latest laws. If you want to ride in a park, consult the authority that oversees the park — like the TPWD. For cities, check with the local municipality. The DMV and local police department are also potential resources.

Once you know where you’re allowed to ride, it’s time to gear up. Make sure your bike has essential safety accessories, like rearview mirrors. For yourself, invest in protective gear like a helmet and reflective vest.

Once you’ve got the practicalities taken care of, it’s time for the fun part — planning your bike ride! Popular electric mountain bike (eMTB) trails include Pace Bend Park, Emma Long Motocross Park, and Reimers Ranch.

Discover Texas on a Velotric e-bike

Whether you want to spend time in nature or enjoy the hustle and bustle of a big city, Texas has something for you. Velotric makes exploring the Lone Star State easy with our high-quality e-bikes.

The Discover 1 is great for urban exploring, while the Nomad 1, a fat tire model, is preferable for off-roading on unpaved surfaces. Both models come with pedal assist and throttle assist.

Velotric e-bikes come with a high-quality lithium-ion battery that charges completely in just six hours. A full charge will take you 55 miles on the Nomad 1 and 65 miles on the Discover 1, so you can cover plenty of Texas ground.

The first step? Finding your perfect bike. Find a Velotric dealer near you.

Everything You Should Know About Texas E-Bike Laws (2024)


Everything You Should Know About Texas E-Bike Laws? ›

You are allowed to ride a Class 1 or Class 2 e-bike if you can ride a bike and are aware of the regulations that control its use. Nonetheless, Class 3 e-bike riders must be 16 years old because they have a top speed of 25 miles per hour. Anyone under 15 cannot use a class 3 electric bike unless they are a passenger.

Can you ride a Class 3 ebike in Texas? ›

Are Class 3 E-Bikes Legal In Texas? Yes! But Class 3 riders must be at least 15 years old. E-bike speed limits are also common on multi-use trails, so you may not get to max out your speed (up to 28 mph of assisted speed on Class 3 e-bikes) unless you're riding on the road.

Is an electric bike considered a motorized vehicle in Texas? ›

Electric bicycles are considered vehicles, and as such, they are subject to the same rules and regulations as other vehicles on the road. This means they must yield to pedestrians, just as cars and trucks do.

Can you ride e-bikes on Texas state parks? ›

Wear reflective clothing and have lights on your bike if road biking. E-bikes are allowed on public roadways but not on park trails.

Can a 13 year old ride an electric bike in Texas? ›

Texas designates three classes of e-bikes: » You must be 15 or older to operate a Class 3 e-bike, although a person under 15 may ride a Class 3 e-bike as a passenger, if the e-bike is designed to carry more than one person.

Is a 750W ebike legal in Texas? ›

In Texas, an electric bike is a bike equipped with: fully operable pedals; a motor of fewer than 750 watts; and a top pedal-assisted speed of 28 mph or less.

What is the speed limit on e-bikes in Texas? ›

Texas law restricts speed limits on e-bikes, where you cannot go over 20mph while riding an e-bike. Are there any rules for riding on the road in Texas? Electric bikes are not banned on roadways in Texas but are allowed everywhere but on bike paths along with trails unless otherwise stated.

Can you ride an ebike on the sidewalk in Texas? ›

Class 3 e-bikes are not considered street legal in Texas and cannot ride on sidewalks, bike lanes, or public transportation.

What class of ebike is legal in Texas? ›

Texas has the 3 class law. No matter what some sellers will tell you, a Class 3 ebike cannot have a throttle in any way, and the maximum watts is 750. In addition Class 3 bikes are not allowed on public off road paths and trails. Many off road venues only allow class 1 ebikes.

What class is an ebike in Texas? ›

class 1 includes electric bikes that assist only when you pedal, and they have an upper-speed limit of 20 miles per hour. class 2 is all about electric bikes with a throttle - these assist at all times but also have the upper limit of 20 miles per hour.

What is the ebike incentive program in Texas? ›

Starting in 2023, Customer Assistance Program (CAP) customers are newly eligible for a rebate of up to $1,300 per individual E-Ride vehicle purchase for applications submitted on or after January 1, 2023, as long as the purchase was completed within the last 60 days.

Do bikes need to stay in bike lane in Texas? ›

All bicyclists must operate under Texas Motor Vehicle Laws while on public roadways, including stopping at stop signs, yielding to pedestrians in crosswalks, displaying proper illumination, and riding with the traffic flow on designated "One way" streets in designated bicycle lanes.

Are Ebikes allowed in Fort Wilderness? ›

Campers at Disney's Fort Wilderness are known for bringing lots of their own recreational activities. This includes things like chalk, bikes, and even their own golf carts. One new rule has gone into affect recently and that is Electric Bikes are no longer allowed at Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground.

What is a Class 4 electric bike? ›

Class 4 Electric Bikes

A relatively new addition, Class 4 e-bikes actually aren't considered e-bikes — they're motor vehicles, like a moped. Class 4 e-bikes have nominal motor output above 750W and aren't limited to any max speed. They may have any combination of throttle and PAS.

What is a Class 3 ebike? ›

Class 3: eBikes that are pedal-assist only, with no throttle, and a maximum assisted speed of 28 mph.

Is there a helmet law for bikes in Texas? ›

Unlike many other states, Texas does not have a statewide or universal helmet law. There is no law in Texas that requires bicyclists of any age to wear helmets. It is legal for anyone to operate a bicycle without wearing a helmet in Texas unless there is a city or municipal law that says otherwise.

What class of eBike is legal in Texas? ›

You are allowed to ride a Class 1 or Class 2 e-bike if you can ride a bike and are aware of the regulations that control its use. Nonetheless, Class 3 e-bike riders must be 16 years old because they have a top speed of 25 miles per hour. Anyone under 15 cannot use a class 3 electric bike unless they are a passenger.

What class is an eBike in Texas? ›

class 1 includes electric bikes that assist only when you pedal, and they have an upper-speed limit of 20 miles per hour. class 2 is all about electric bikes with a throttle - these assist at all times but also have the upper limit of 20 miles per hour.

What does Class 3 E bike mean? ›

What is a class 3 ebike? A class 3 electric bike features pedal assist only and tops off at 28mph. Due to the high power class 3 electric bikes have, they're restricted from certain bike trails and bike paths.

How fast can a Class 3 E bike go? ›

Class 3: eBikes that are pedal-assist only, with no throttle, and a maximum assisted speed of 28 mph.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Nathanial Hackett

Last Updated:

Views: 6231

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nathanial Hackett

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: Apt. 935 264 Abshire Canyon, South Nerissachester, NM 01800

Phone: +9752624861224

Job: Forward Technology Assistant

Hobby: Listening to music, Shopping, Vacation, Baton twirling, Flower arranging, Blacksmithing, Do it yourself

Introduction: My name is Nathanial Hackett, I am a lovely, curious, smiling, lively, thoughtful, courageous, lively person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.