UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (2024)

Electric motorcycles are fast becoming a popular alternative to ICE (internal combustion engine) motorcycles, and for good reason. They’re better for the environment, quiet, affordable - and the Government is beginning to crack down on petrol and diesel vehicles. There’s never been a better time to pick up your first electric bike, but it’s important you’re clued up on the laws and regulations first.

Which licence you need will change depending on which electric motorcycle you choose and will inform what you buy. It can be complicated - and to make matters worse, new electric bikes requiring new kinds of legislation are popping up all the time.

So we’ve put together this handy guide to help you understand electric motorbike law in the UK, and know which licence you’ll need to ride.

UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (1)

Which licence do I need to ride an electric motorcycle?

Which licence you need to ride an electric motorcycle depends on the legal classification of the bike. The table below probably won’t make much sense to you yet - but it will serve as a useful reference tool as you learn more.

It describes which licence you’ll need to hold to ride any specific electric motorbike.

Electric Bike Class





14 y/o


AM (CBT) 16 y/o


A1 17 y/o


A2 19 y/o



Below, we’ll explain each subdivision of electric bike class, and let you know which licence you’ll need to ride it. Then, we’ll go in-depth on each of these licences, and explain how exactly you can acquire them.

Electric Moped UK Law

Electric motorbikes come in all shapes and sizes. Smaller, pedal-assisted electric bicycles usually don’t require you to hold a licence to ride them - they’re treated similarly to regular bicycles. You can learn more about them further on in our guide.

For now, we’ll focus on the electric bikes thatdorequire licensing - the more powerful bikes you’ll want if you aim to be out on the roads.

L1e-B Electric Motorbikes and Mopeds

The first category of electric bikes that require licensing to ride areL1e-Bmotorbikes: generally speaking, mopeds and scooters that don’t cross a certain power threshold. These are ideal for zooming around cities or for short commutes, and are a great place to start if you’ve never ridden a two-wheeler before.

As long as the electric scooter or mopedcannot go faster than 28mph, it’s classified as a L1e-B vehicle. L1e-B bikes are governed by rules very similar to traditional 50cc motorcycles.

To ride anL1e-Belectric moped or scooter, you must:

  • Hold a CBT
  • 16 years +
  • Alternatively, if your driving licence was issued before 2001, you probably have an AM or P stamp, which automatically qualifies you to ride. But check first!

If a CBT is all you hold, you must use L-plates, and must not take passengers - more on this when we go deep into the licences later.

Stag Recommends:We stock a number of electric bikes suitable for those with this level of qualification. Anything from a retro style scooter -Artisan EV2000- to a dual sport thrill machine -Talaria Sting (road legal)- can be found on our website.

As the required qualifications suggest, L1e-B classified vehicles are fairly simple to get on the road. But for those who want to make bikes their primary form of transport, a little more power will likely be desirable.

What licence do I need for an electric motorbike?

Electric motorbikes more powerful than the L1e-B class fall within theL3e-A1class. L3e-A1 motorbikes fall into one of three subdivisions, each requiring a different level of proficiency, experience, qualifications and licensing - meaning which licence you will need to ride will depend on which subdivision your bike sits within. It can seem a little complicated, but don’t worry - we’re here to break it down.

It’s worth noting holders of a full motorcycle licence can ride any of these subdivisions without restriction.

L3e-A1 11kW Electric Motorbikes

Electric motorbikes in this category - the next step up from L3e-B - are vehicles with power no more than11kW. They’re legislated very similarly to combustion engine counterparts that have a power of 125cc or below.

To ride anL3e-A1bike, you must:

  • Hold a CBT
  • Must be aged 17 or above
  • Alternatively, if your driving licence was issued before 2001, you probably have an AM or P stamp, which automatically qualifies you to ride. But check first!

Again,you must use L-plates, and must not take passengers!

Stag Recommends:This is a popular category for electric manufacturers and we stock a number of electric bikes suitable for those with this level of qualification. Riders after a reliable and stylish motorcycle might be interested in TheHorwin CR6orCR6 Probut we also offer Horwin’s Scooter equivalent, theEK3, which makes an incredible transport companion for hectic UK Roads.

L3e-A2 35kW Electric Motorbikes

These electric motorbikes are those with power up to35kW.This category is far less restrictive than L3e-A1, and the kinds of rides you can buy and take on the road are much more diverse. The power-to-weight ratio must not exceed0.2kW/kg.

To ride anL3e-A2bike, you must:

  • Hold an A2 Licence (or above)
  • Must be 19 or above

Riders with this licenseare allowed to carry a passenger and ride without L plates.

Stag Recommends:for a long time, this area of the market has belonged to Zero Motorcycles, and rightfully so – they offer some incredible, well-built machines that suit a wide range of riders. However, this may soon change. Stag are very excited about a killer alternative about to hit the UK – keep an eye out on our socials for announcements.

UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (2)


To ride any electric motorbike you please - as long as it’s properly insured and is fully road legal, of course - you’ll need to:

  • Hold an A Licence

A Licences require a lot of work to acquire and are easier to get if you’ve already earned your A2 Licence - but more on that later.

It’s complicated

It’s important to understand that this is a basic overview of how each electric bike is categorised.

The most crucial thing is that your vehicle does not exceed the limits the licence you hold certifies you to ride. This can be achieved by restricting your bike’s output or other means - if you’re unsure, we can help point you in the right direction.

Ultimately however it’sthe rider’s responsibility to ensure what they’re riding is within the legal limits.There’s no document that can be provided by a dealership or garage to prove the power output of your electric bike, so make sure you know exactly what you’re riding, and that you have the correct licence to do so.

Electric Motorbike UK Law and Licensing

So, we understand that to ride an electric motorbike with any given power output, you’ll need the corresponding licence. Unlike when earning your driving licence, there’s no one-size-fits-all test to take. Instead, there are several stages to holding a motorbike licence before you can ride without restriction, and it’s important to understand each step in detail.


  • A CBT, or compulsory basic training, is the baseline for all prospective motorcycle riders. It’s a short course, not a test you can pass or fail.
  • Once you’ve completed your CBT, you can ride a moped - or any L1e-B electric vehicle.
  • Your CBT certificate remains valid for two years. If you don’t earn a further licence during that time, you’ll have to re-do your CBT.
  • You must always wear L-plates when riding a motorcycle with only a CBT and you may not take passengers.

Here’s a quirk: as mentioned briefly above, for those with licences issued before 2001, it’s probable you hold either a P or AM stamp. This allows you to ride a moped without holding a CBT first.


You can earn full motorbike licences using eitherprogressiveordirectroutes.

These are fairly self explanatory - theprogressiveroutes offer lower barriers of entry for those with experience, meaning you can ‘progress’ from one licence to the next and earn freedom on the roads at a younger age.

Thedirectroute is for those who’d like to skip the years of experience and earn one of the full licences without having the prerequisites for the progressive route; the requirements tend to be steeper.

Although these licences are the same as those required to ride regular ICE motorcycles, we’ll talk in terms of electric motorcycles only - to keep things simple.

A1 Licence

An A1 Licence will allow you to ride any A1-legal (L3e-A1) electric motorbike, as well as on motorways and with a passenger.

To earn yours, you’ll need:

  • To be at least 17
  • A valid CBT
  • To pass a motorcycle hazard and perception theory test
  • To pass a Module 1 Practical (off public roads)
  • To pass a Module 2 Practical (on public roads)

With full training, an A1 Licence can cost up to £1200 to earn - so make sure it’s right for you before you commit to it.

A2 Licence

An A2 Licence is the next step, and can be earned either progressively (for those with an A1 Licence) or directly (for those without).

An A2 Licence allows you to rideL3e-A2electric motorcycles.

To earn an A2, you’ll need:

  • Progressive
    • To be at least 19
    • To have held an A1 Licence for two years
    • To pass a further set of Module 1 & 2 practical tests
  • Direct
    • To be at least 19
    • A valid CBT
    • A valid theory test
    • To pass a Module 1 Practical (off public roads)
    • To pass a Module 2 Practical (on public roads)

An A2 Licence costs similarly to an A1 Licence, but you’ll find being able to ride L3e-A2 motorbikes much less restrictive.

A Licence

The A Licence - sometimes called DAS or Direct Access Course - is the full, unrestricted motorbike licence and will allow you to ride any electric motorbike that’s currently road legal.

To earn your full licence, you’ll need:

  • Progressive
    • To be at least 21
    • To have held an A2 Licence for two years
    • To pass a further set of Module 1 & 2 practical tests
  • Direct
    • To be at least 24
    • A valid CBT
    • A valid theory test
    • To pass a Module 1 Practical (off public roads)
    • To pass a Module 2 Practical (on public roads)

Going from zero to a full licence can be very expensive and time consuming, so make sure you do your research on schools and courses before diving in!

What about Tax?

Tax on all electric motorcycles is free!

But remember, even though it costs nothing - it still needs to be done. So don’t forget.

here is a link totax your vehicle on the gov website

Are there any electric bikes that don’t require a licence?

You won’t need a licence to ride an electric bicycle classed as either an EAPC (electrically assisted pedal cycle) or a PLEV (personal light electric vehicle).


UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (3)

You may ride your EAPC anywhere you could a regular bicycle - including cycle paths. You must be older than 14, however.

To be classed as an EAPC, an electric bike must:

  • Have pedals that are used to propel it
  • Have an electric motor capable of power output no larger than 250 watts, and that cannot propel it when it’s moving faster than 15.5mph


UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (4)

PLEV’s are slightly different. While generally smaller and slower than EPACs, these machines are currently restricted to private land. However, there are now many UK cities that offer e-scooter rental. Rented scooters need to remain within the rental catchment and riders must hold a valid driver’s licence (provisional is fine).

PLEVS include:

  • eScooters
  • Segways
  • Onewheels
  • Hoverboards
  • Electric Skateboards


Is it legal to ride electric scooters in the UK?

it is legal to ride eScooters in the UK but riders must abide to usage restrictions. Rental eScooters can be ridden by provisional drivers license holders in designated urban areas. Privately owned eScooters must be ridden on private land.

Can I ride an electric motorcycle on a car license?

Provided your full drivers license was acquired before February 1st 2001, you can ride L1E or L3E classified electric motorcycles. Please refer to the article for more information.

Are the motorcycle tests different for electric motorcycles?

While some companies do offer specialised training programs on electric motorcycles, the learning principles and process is thesame as standard motorcycle testing.

Do I need a license to ride an electric motorcycle?

You do not need a license to experience an electric motorcycle. There are many great electric motorcycle options that are designed to be used and enjoyed off-road (at designated riding areas or on private land with the land owners permission).

Are there any government grants when buying an electric motorcycle?

Yes! The government offers up to £500 off the purchase price of new electric motorcycles. Read more about the granthere

Is MOT testing different for electric motorcycles?

MOT testing on Electric Motorcycles isgenerally nodifferent to tests on conventional motorcycles.

Are eBikes that exceed the EPAC limits legal?

It is legal to ride an eBike that exceeds EPAC limits provided it is registered and treated as a moped.TheLMX 64-His a fantasticeBike that exceeds EPAC limits, but registeredwith a number plate for road use.

Do I need to wear a cash helmet on an electric motorcycle?

It is a legal requirement to wear a certified crash helmet that meets British safety standards while riding an electric motorcycle.

How can I make sure I have the appropriate license to ride my electric motorcycle?

Similarlyto conventional motorcycles, you will need to ensure you have the appropriate license to ride certaincategories ofelectric motorcycles. Please refer tothe guide for more details.If you have any doubts overyour licensing requirementsthen pleasecontact us

How can I make sure my electric motorcycle is road legal?

You need to make sure that your motorcycle: is properly certified for use on the road, has an up to date MOT, is insured and registered and has not been modified beyond any legal limitations. If you have any doubts over the legality of your motorcycle then pleasecontact us

Still confused? Let us know.

Legislation on electric transport can be a minefield. With the rapid rate of development in what is still new technology, sometimes the laws can lag behind or change at a moment’s notice.

That’s where we come in. Stag is at the cutting-edge of the electric vehicle industry, and we’re ready and waiting to clear up any lingering confusion. Whether you’re after your first electric motorbike or looking for an upgrade, feel free to reach out - we can help.

You can reach ushere

See you out on the roads!

UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? (2024)


UK Laws for Electric Motorbikes: What Licence Do I Need? What Tax and Insurance to Pay? ›

You can ride an electric bike if you're 14 or over, as long as it meets certain requirements. These electric bikes are known as 'electrically assisted pedal cycles' ( EAPCs ). You do not need a licence to ride one and it does not need to be registered, taxed or insured.

Do you need insurance for an electric motorcycle UK? ›

Yes, if you plan to ride your electric motorcycle on the road, you'll need to insure it. As is the case with petrol motorcycles, third party insurance is the minimum cover to be road-legal.

What licence do I need for an electric motorbike UK? ›

Electric scooters / motorbikes that are capable of speeds in excess of 28mph / 45kmph are classed as L3e-A1. There is no speed restriction however you must be 17 or above and have passed a CBT course OR have a full motorcycle licence.

Is there VAT on electric bikes UK? ›

By a Royal Decree of 1 April 2022, the Government decided to repeal 12° in section XXIII of Table A of the appendix to Royal Decree no. 20, which provided for the entry into force of the reduced rate to 6% for bicycles and electric bicycles after the agreement of the European Union on an amendment to the VAT Directive.

Do you need insurance for an electric moped UK? ›

You cannot ride an electric moped on UK roads without at least a basic level of moped insurance. That minimum level is Third Party Only insurance and it ensures that if you were to damage another vehicle or property, or injure another road user, there would be some insurance there to cover the costs.

How much is insurance for an electric motorcycle? ›

How much is motorcycle insurance in California? The average cost of motorcycle insurance in California is $151 per month. Geico offers the cheapest motorcycle insurance rates in California — a policy costs $65 per month, on average.

Do I need insurance for a electric motorcycle? ›

In the United States, most states regulate electric motorcycles like traditional motorcycles, meaning there is a requirement to have some form of insurance to ride legally.

Do you need a driving licence for an electric bike UK? ›

You don't need a licence to ride one, and the bike doesn't need to be registered, taxed, or insured. There is, however, an age restriction: you must be 14 or over to ride an electric bike, that being two years younger than the moped age restriction to accommodate the reduced power of an e-bike.

What is the legal speed limit for electric bikes UK? ›

Conclusion: Ebikes and speed

An ebike can go as fast as you can pedal, as long as you do so safely. In terms of electric assistance, this can't be provided above 15.5mph on UK roads if you want the electric bike to be subject to normal bicycle rules.

What is a CBT licence? ›

Compulsory basic training ( CBT ) is a course you usually have to take before you ride a moped or motorcycle on the road. The training makes sure you can ride safely on your own while you practise for your full moped or motorcycle test. CBT is not a test that you pass or fail.

Is there a tax deduction for buying an electric bike? ›

How much tax credit would I get from the e-bike tax credit? At this point, you probably know how much ebike tax credit 2023 you can qualify for thanks to the e-bike tax credit. Regardless, here's a quick refresher. You will get credits of $1500 or 30% of your bike's cost if the said bike is within or under $4000.

What is the British policy on electric vehicles? ›

Overall, the UK is leading the way in decarbonising transport, a sector that is one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gases.” These latest announcements support the Government's commitment to end the sale of petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030 – and from 2035, all new vehicles must be fully zero-emission.

What are the incentives for electric bikes in the UK? ›

Cycle to Work (Salary Sacrifice) is a simple scheme whereby an employer can provide staff with an electric bike 'tax free' at approximately half the retail price and at no cost to the company. This can enable employees to save up to 48% of the cost of a bike...

What are the rules for electric motorbikes in the UK? ›

Electric Motorbikes (L3e-A1)

Electric Motorbikes / Mopeds that are able to exceed 28mph are class L3e-A1. These vehicles are not restricted by speed, but require a minimum age of 17 years old for the rider and a passed CBT course/full motorcycle licence. These vehicles go up to 11kW.

What is the difference between electric bike and electric motorcycle? ›

While an electric bike and an electric motorcycle both have electric motors and batteries, they are very different. Electric motorcycles are motorcycles and require a license, registration and insurance. An electric bicycle does not require any of these and can ride on bike paths and use bike infrastructure.

How much does it cost to charge an electric motorbike UK? ›

Comparatively, to charge a NIU batteries which are around 2100Wh, will take 2.1kWh of energy to charge. For the UK, the average price per kWh in 2022 is around 28p. To fill an electric battery is 28*2.1 = 59p, or under 1p a mile.

Can I ride a motorbike without insurance UK? ›

Riding without motorbike insurance is illegal. If you're caught riding without it, you could be fined or even disqualified from riding. Even if the bike itself is insured, if you're not correctly insured to ride it, you could get penalised.

Can I ride electric motorbike in the UK? ›

Any electric bike that does not meet the EAPC rules is classed as a motorcycle or moped and needs to be registered and taxed. You'll need a driving licence to ride one and you must wear a crash helmet.

How much does it cost to insure an ebike UK? ›

Typical ebike insurance premium costs

Cycleplan quoted us £56.41 including public liability cover with a £19.61 (35%) introductory discount - so a year later the price will rise to around £75. They are a highly-rated company (Trustpilot 4.5-star rating and 4.81 at Smart money people).

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